Take it step by step, don’t expect too much from your pup.
Remember your pup is a baby and he has learn the association between the ‘need’ to go to toilet and the action and place it should take place. Toilet training pups takes time and patience. Here a few tips to get you started.
Be there for him
Be there for him and take him to your desired toileting area time and time again. By taking him to the same spot each time you are building an association between that spot and the deed that is easy for him to learn and understand.
Take him out to toilet every 30 minutes!
This means that you will be taking the pup out many times during the day including:
- When he wakes up
When he starts to move about after resting
After he drinks or eats – puppies have very short digestive systems and will need to toilet soon after eating or drinking. Try to keep him to a feeding schedule so that you can better plan his toileting needs.
After play or exercise
If he sniffs the ground and/or circles
If he becomes excited e.g. when visitors call
If he ‘performs’, you must reward him with treats, play and praise. On those occasions when he does not ‘perform’, let him return quietly indoors.
Repetition is key.
By repeating process of going to his pee spot time and time again you are teaching him that the ‘need’ building is directly linked to going to the toilet spot you have chosen. Remember, dogs learn best through repetition and positive reinforcement. Building this association will allow him to learn what the ‘need’ means and how to act upon it. The pup will soon start to move towards the door when he needs to toilet – so watch carefully and be sure to give him lots of rewards and praise for ‘telling’ you.
Be clear about toilet time and play time.
If you are teaching pup to go to a particular spot in the garden. Be sure to take him only to that spot to toilet, once done, take him quietly back inside. Separate trips to the garden should be made for play time. Leaving the door open is something many owners fall into the habit of especially during the summer months when toilet training a puppy, however doing so is teaching him that going to the garden is a trip to an adventure playground not a business trip. Staying with him and taking him to your pee spot before play will help stop bad habits developing.
Adding a verbal cue when you reach the pee spot and the pup does his business will improve the ability to tell the dog when to toilet once the training is complete. Cue words such as “quick quick” or “wee wees” are great options as they are rarely used in everyday interactions, reserved only for the purposes of telling the dog to go to the toilet.
Following the tips above should help your pup to establish good toileting habits. However, some problems can still occur: Some nervous puppies or those who are not very confident may find it difficult to relax enough to toilet outside. This will be overcome by good socialisation and desensitisation to their environments during their early weeks with you. Be patient and consistent to allow these pups to overcome their worry.